History, Architecture and Design

Learn the history and preview the grandeur of the Courthouse.

History & Restoration

The Allen County Courthouse in Fort Wayne, Indiana, stands as a monument to the civic pride and progressive spirit of the citizens of Allen County. Expressing in art and architecture the dignity of the government, the supremacy of the people, and the grandeur of the law.


Completed in 1902

The Allen County Courthouse was the crowning achievement of architect Brentwood S. Tolan (1855-1923). The building is constructed of Bedford, Indiana limestone, with granite columns and white Carrara marble staircases, balustrades and walls.


A National Historic Landmark

Entered on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976, the building was further distinguished in 2003 as a National Historic Landmark, recognizing its value as a national historic treasure.


Restoration begins in '94

The Trust oversaw the monumental task of restoring all the grand artistic elements of an aging structure. An outpouring of support came from the community. During restoration, Lady Liberty stands tall inside the courthouse awaiting her return to the top of the dome.


Mural Preservation

The murals of Charles Holloway had been seriously compromised by prior preservation attempts and were loosening from the wall due to water damage. The restoration was done one square inch at a time, and the process took more than two years to complete, at a cost of $1.4 million.


A Centennial Celebration

Eight years and $8.6 million allowed the restoration to be completed just in time for the building’s centennial anniversary on September 23, 2002.

Courthouse Fact

The cost to construct the Courthouse was $817,000 in 1902. To replicate today would cost more than $250 million. 

Design Features

Throughout the building portraits, murals, sculptures and bas relief tell the story of Allen County’s history through the 19th century. Since then, the Courthouse, itself, has earned a place in our history.


Extensive Scagliola

The building’s most distinctive feature is its extensive scagliola—a faux marble that uses a unique coloring process. David Hayles of Bristol, England, and one of the few persons skilled in the art and craft of scagliola today, noted that “…the scagliola in Fort Wayne is undoubtedly the most important example of the craft to be found anywhere in the world”.


Art glass to light and delight

Upon entering, visitors are first struck with the magnificent dome that towers 110 feet over the main rotunda. Light filters into courtrooms and hallways through stained glass ceilings and domes, conveying a sense of reverence for the law and setting an awe-inspiring tone for the legal proceedings.


Floors with the footprints of history

The rich patina of the encaustic floor tiles complements the colors and textures of the building’s interior. Worn places in the amazingly intricate patterns speak to the thousands of people who have walked these halls carrying out the business of county government.


Stories told in paint

Law, Justice,and Mercy stand guard in the magnificent rotunda murals. In courtroom murals, stories of the Battle of Fallen Timbers come alive, and Justinian teaches us about the origins of our current laws.


Stories told in sculpture

Sculptures inside and out help us understand our past. Chief Little Turtle, Samuel Hanna, Colonel John Allen, and other important figures of history are all present. Other sculptures tell of arts and industry … of war and peace …and of law and order, reflecting a community steeped in culture and progress.


Ceilings of Gold

Hand painted stenciling in fine and varied patterns abounds on ceilings and cornices. Intricate plaster moldings gilded with gold, aluminum, and copper leaf showcase the opulence of the era and reflect the civic pride that was so important in the planning of this building


Classical Building Blocks: Faux Marble, Real Marble

The pride of the planners is evident in the staircases, balustrades, and walls made of the finest white Carrara marble. The broad palette of colored marble is actually a wonderful deception – a faux marble technique called scagliola. Covering the walls, moldings, and columns, scagliola enhances the grandeur of all the spaces.

Preserving a Landmark

Entered on the Register of Historic Places in 1976, the Courthouse was further distinguished in 2003 as a National Historic Landmark.